Complete the sentences by filling in the correct word that fits a statement (gap fill). Choose the appropriate words from the word bank given below.

A. complexity B. strengthen C. applications D. distinguish

E. improve F. humidity G. state-of-the-art H. treatment

I. mechanical J. structural K. effective L. foundations

1. Civil engineering is defined to …… non-military engineering from military engineering.

2. Vibration is a …… process that transfers pulses of shearenergy to the concrete, usually by a probe that is inserted several inches into the concrete.

3. The increasing …… of construction projects creates the need for design professionals, trained in all phases of the project's life-cycle.

4. Finishing refers to any final …… of the concrete surface after it has been consolidated to achieve the desired properties.

5. Reinforced concrete is concrete that contains embedded steel bars, plates or fibersthat …… the material.

6. A slipform assembly can only start after the …… of the walls have been correctly laid.

7. Concrete forms use …… robotics welding system which extends the life of welds on full concrete forms.

8. Fly ash is used in a variety of …… involving structural and low strength requirements.

9. Converting existing and new buildings into Green Buildings is one of the most …… levers to meet the challenges of CO2 reduction in cities.

10. Evaporation of water from concrete, soon after placing, depends on the temperature and …… of the surrounding air.


APPENDIX 1

REFERENCES to VIDEO FILES

UNIT 1 Civil Engineering

Watch and listen to the voiced video:

“Engineering Your Future - Civil Engineer”

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yGbRgbFkFu8

UNIT 2 Construction Processes

Watch and listen to the voiced video:

“Building & Construction Processes For Your New House”

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0AHGzg8Y_rc

UNIT 3 The Concrete Construction Process (Part 1)

Watch and listen to the voiced video:

1. “Concrete Pumping: The Future of Concrete Construction”

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Puxt1c7GoDs

2. “Pouring Concrete - Placing & Finishing Concrete”

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TFNOBJ1nQVs

UNIT 4 The Concrete Construction Process (Part 2)

Watch and listen to the voiced video:

“Pouring and Finishing a Concrete Slab”

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ed6q3mkJ0xs


UNIT 5

The Concrete Construction Process (Part 3)

Watch and listen to the voiced video:

Concrete Footer“ Part 1

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=N_akSziGAH4

Concrete Footer“ Part 2

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XDeWeb6ttbI

UNIT 6 Fundamentals of Reinforced Concrete

Watch and listen to the voiced video:

1. “Reinforced Concrete”

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Zd1hyYyRLUo

2. “The history of reinforced concrete and the development of rebar couplers”

http://wn.com/reinforced_concrete

UNIT 7 Slipform Construction

Watch and listen to the voiced video:

“Megastructures Slipform”

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qDIDgoPlYsg

UNIT 8 Using Concrete Formwork in Construction

Watch and listen to the voiced video:

“Concrete Forms”

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RwBbkeLJ3Fw


UNIT 9 Glass Fiber Reinforced Concrete (GFRC)

Watch and listen to the voiced video:

PCI GFRC” Part1

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=krE5HB-B-QE

2. “PCI GFRC Part2”

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mw2ecMN5SZ0

UNIT 10

When Stress Is Good:

Pre- and Post-Tensioned Concrete

Watch and listen to the voiced video:

1. “Prestressed / Precast Plant Tour”

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=91fCagGP5Is

2.“How does a prestressed concrete beam work?”

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pjwrXLWhISE

UNIT 11 Post-Tensioned Slabs

Watch and listen to the voiced video:

1. “Post Tension Concrete Construction”

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7JsuNg5r4Is

2. “Monolithic Post Tension Preslab”

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=d51lciZRwF0

UNIT 12 Why Does Concrete Crack?

Watch and listen to the voiced video:

“How to Repair Concrete Cracks”

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fHysHbXNIYQ


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